The Medical Ultrasonography

Ultrasonography also known as Diagnostic sonography is an ultrasound diagnostic imaging technique that is used for the visualization of body structures such as internal organs, muscles, vessels, tendons and joints. These structures are visualize for possible lesions, etc.

Ultrasonography has an application called Obstetric ultrasonography, which is applied to obstetrics. This technique is usually commonly used during pregnancy because it visualizes the fetus or embryo in the uterus of the mother. This procedure is applied for prenatal care, which it provides a variety of information about the fetus and its mother.

Medical sonography is worldwide used in the medicine area. This technique is used to perform therapeutic and diagnostic procedures with the usage of the ultrasound for the guidance of the interventional procedures. A sonographer is the individual who performs the scans for all patients. The sonographer uses a hand held device called Transducer, which is used and placed directly on the patient or move over. Ultrasonography is very effective for soft tissues imaging of the body. There are various modes of sonography for imaging which are the following: 1- A-mode, 2- B-mode, 3- C-mode, 4- M-mode, 5- Doppier mode, 6- Pulse inversion mode and 7- Harmonic mode. The images of the scanner can be showed, broadcast and captured through a computer with the usage of a frame grabber, which captures the analog video signal.

Medical Technology Term

Medical technology is known worldwide for the improvement and extension of life. The role of this technology is essential to health care because it alleviates an injury, handicap or pain. Its innovation is known for enhancing the effectiveness and quality of care.

Nowadays, millions of patients around the world are known to depend at a hospital, home, nursing homes, doctor office from medical technology. Some of the technology medical supplies and devices are the following: 1- orthopedic shoes, 2- wheelchairs, 3- insulin, 4- pacemakers, 5- contact lenses, 6- condoms, 7- pregnancy tests, 8- oxygen masks, 9- surgery instruments, 10- dental floss, 11- syringes, 12- MRI scanners, etc. It is known that nowadays there are available more than 600,000 med tech products.

The Med Tech term associates a wide range of health care supplies, which are used for monitoring, diagnose, treat medical conditions or diseases that affect humans. Med Tech is an application of Medical Science because it intends to improve the quality of health care. This term also refers to the duties that are performed by a clinical laboratory specialist also known as medical technologist in private and public sectors, which are focus on clinical applications such as the following: genetics, immunology, chemistry, microbiology, hematology, urinalysis, serology, etc. Biomedical technology refers to the application of technology and engineering principles for biological and living systems. Learn here more about medical technology.

The MRI Scanner

Here at linuxmednews.org you will gather information about the MRI scanner. What is MRI?. MRI also known as Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a technique of medical imaging that is used in radiology. This technique is used to visualize very detailed internal structures of the human body. It is a new technique that has been officially used since 1980. Its history rejects back to 1950 when Herman Carr had reported the creation of one dimension MR image. An American chemist called Paul Lauterbur expanded the technique created a way to generate the first MRI images.

The MRI scanner is a machine that uses a magnetic field for the magnetization of several atoms in the body. It also uses fields of radio frequency to alter the alignment of magnetization. This procedure causes the nuclei to create a magnetic field, which is detected by this machine. This information is recorded for the construction of an image of the body area that was scanned.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is known for providing a successful contrast between soft tissues of the human body. MRI is very useful in imaging the muscles, brain, cancers and the heart. This medical imaging technique does not use ionizing radiation compared to other imaging tomographic techniques such as Computed Tomography. The MRI scanner is harmless to the patient because of its usage of magnetic fields and non ionizing radiation.

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Android Medical Applications

These Android medical applications have to be free, and feature designed for clinical centers, medical, or informative patient education.

Android continues to improve the supply of medical applications of quality and this is an indicator of the evolution of the market, best phones mean best applications. On December 23, 2010 the Marketplace of Android opened the category of medical applications.

This list updates the one presented in the preceding article, is based on reviews of the sector and not in best-selling applications statistics. We update the reviews of the Android applications already commented on our website. Click to see the overview of each application and installation instructions:

1- Medscape: complete set of resources on medications, contraindications and combinations, videos and images of diseases, risk factors, procedures and protocols. Also check out the iPad version.

2- Epocrates: identification of drugs, dose and information on interactions calculator directory.

3- Skyscape: medical information, including the Archimedes calculator.

4- Evernote: document management tool, organized by the PDF and allows notes.

5- Calculate by QxMD: collection of calculators medical useful for learning by their method of questions.

6- MedPage Today: access to multiple sources of medical information in text, audio and video. See MedPage version iPhone.

7- Harvard School of Public Health: educational information in different formats.

8- Monthly Prescribing Reference (MPR): comprehensive drug reference directory.

9- Standard Dictations: aid for medical students.

10- USPSTF ePSS (electronic preventive services selector): System of recommendations useful for medical professionals.

11- PubMed Mobile: medical articles search system.

12- Ob (pregnancy) Wheel: useful information for professionals and parents interested in pregnancy.

13- Eponyms: collection of medical phrases and assigned to proper names pathologies.

14- Speed Anatomy: atlas basic to study medicine.

15- Calorie Counter by FatSecret: consultation on diets and classification of food even by scanning bar codes.

The ASME Method

Created at the IBM Zurich research laboratory, the new technology uses an ‘ 3D avatar’ (a character created in three dimensions) in the form of human body to view clinical histories. With the name of ASME Anatomic and Symbolic Mapper Engine this method of display allows doctors to click with the mouse in a certain part of the body to initiate a search for relevant information. When a patient goes to the doctor with a problem, for example, back pain, currently the doctor ask the patient his medical history, performs tests and a physical examination. The doctor can also study from previous consultations, but it is possible to not have access to the complete patient history.

With ASME technology, the doctor plays with the mouse on the back of the ‘ 3D avatar’ and then, for example, on the spine, getting at that time all the clinical history of his patient related to the spine (including prior diagnoses, results of laboratory and medical imaging as x-rays). If your doctor is only interested in information about a particular section of the spine , you can extend that zone to define the search parameters.

‘It’s like Google Earth but for the human body’, explained the researcher at IBM Andre Elisseeff, who leads research on health in the laboratory of IBM in Zurich. ‘At a time when we are evolving towards the electronic clinical histories, with the ASME project we make easier to access the information through a combination of medical data with visual representation.’ ‘In this way we do much simpler process of interacting with data for health care’.

The system allows the integration of modeling techniques in 3D with search tools of data from heterogeneous sources (text, images, etc) and unstructured information database, collecting it all in a single tool easy to use and intuitive nature. ASME uses systematized nomenclature systems standardized on medicine to facilitate the connection between the concepts of graphic and text documents. Technological advances are revolutionizing medical treatment and health sector, but on shakier clinical information systems still doesn’t exploit all the possibilities. Information about each patient consists of a variety of documents in paper, images (x-rays, scanners, etc.) medical and resident information in databases of different types. This means that those records are unstructured and facilitate loose items of information on diagnosis and disease, so it easily access a complete history is complex.

A unified model of history really functional electronic clinical enabling the exchange of information between professionals and health care institutions (ensuring the privacy of the data at the same time) has not yet been created. For this reason, many professionals prefer to continue with the records on paper or with their own electronic systems of data file. ASME aims to gather at a single point the loose pieces of unstructured information, and at the same time, providing an intuitive tool for ease of use.

Ipad Medical Applications

The presence of the iPad in the health sector is promising, we highlight 10 medical applications of iPad to improve the daily life of professionals with this tablet, which offers access to medical information, consultation of anatomical atlas management with the patient, writing, documentation and research, as well as communication tools and marketing for its clinics.

The Apple iPad is 95.5% of the market for tablets and although 5% presence of competitors sounds like a little, the refinement of tablets with the OS, Google Android, the BlackBerry Playbook, and mobile devices of Hewlett Packard, Microsoft and ViewSonic will make the difference in this competition closer soon.

You have much more information about the future of the market of Ipad medical applications in this article: study on the impact of the mobile applications in the medical industry and health

As had requested us, this is the list of the top 10 Ipad medical applications:

1- Papers – tool of documentary annotations, list of papers and access to data bases for scientific research.

2- OsiriX – medical and radiological Imaging in the iPad. Previously we published an article on the use of an iPad with OsiriX in surgery in Kobe, Japan.

3- Human Atlas (soon) – Atlas of human anatomy of Blausen themed plastic and aesthetic surgery. Previously we highlight this medical application iPhone version.

4- modalityBODY – interaction with medical imaging. Anatomical Atlas.

5- ReachMD Medical Radio – Podcasts and Live Streaming content medical educational and informative.

6- EdgeDMS (1) (2) – interactive dental letter, observations, x-ray, diagnostic etiology for management of patients in dentistry and dental clinics.

7- Dental Expert – dental medical application for iPad and iPhone which explains treatments with the dentist.

8- MedScape – reference, contraindications and combinations of drugs. Videos and images for diseases and risk factors, procedures and protocols. Previously we highlight the Android version.

9- Grays Anatomy Premium Edition for iPad (soon) – book of graphic reference and anatomical atlases.

10- The Skeletal System (soon) – map of the human equeleto with multiple visualizations, 3D rotations, interaction, descriptions, quizes.

11- TWINIA – an extra application that we highlight for its quality and be the result of the industry and creativity of doctors and developers of Barcelona Spain. Communication and marketing for health centers that put in the hands of his patients an iPad for the complete management of your personal data, as well as information and entertainment.

The Mobile Technology

Since the 90’s the evolution of mobile technology has been exponential, this growth was explained by the following factor: 1- Moore’s law: this law, observed by Gordon Moore in 1965, expressed that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit doubles every 18 months. What is the significance of this? Lot. It is a reflection of that technology is constantly developing, it allows that move so fast our pockets being better off accessing cheap and powerful technology. Cell phones today do not seem like anything which was made 18 months…

2- Whoever calls, pays’: this system, as its name says is that the person who makes a call from or to a cell phone covers the total of the cost of the call, before that was not the case.

3- Prepaid cell phones

This enterprise policy was a very important step in the overcrowding of mobile technology. What does it have to do with health? A lot. Fortunately the medicine has been benefiting of this technological revolution and has progressed step by step with these improvements. The establishment of public health policies are not possible if we do not know the target population, their risk factors or the consequences of this. For this we need data. But how do we store it? And more importantly how to access it? There are numerous tools that allow the collection of data and the study of it; others allow the storage and access. But most importantly, the tools may allow people from around the world to monitor the migration of diseases. A clear example of this are the maps online for the monitoring of the Human Influenza.

The advance of technology has allowed to appear new devices that benefit health. an example of the above, and that it struck me deeply is a microscope, which costs $3 and connects to mobile devices. This mobile technology cheaper costs and allows us to obtain images without the need for healthcare professional. Another example is the robotic arm controlled by remote control, and that allows the realization of complex surgical procedures with enviable precision, and that it is already used in American clinics. Other examples are drugs warning through an automated phone application can send messages of reminder of clinical hours or consumption of drugs like a app that allows messages to be sent via SMS to a group of people and allows to inform patients about taking medications or clinical hours. There could be an app for monitoring patients therefore tracking patients that is not going to their regular checks. All this would be useless if people don’t take it to the next step. And not just developers who create an application, but the professional that applies this technology. A software that is unfriendly or very cumbersome will eventually stopped being used. Due to the above we have clinical electronic files that are not being used or initiatives that don’t thrive.

When you have a database, you can draw conclusions and extrapolate. If you know what drugs people take, you can draw conclusions, see what things consume more and save resources in the purchase. Access to technologies saves hours of health personnel. When you have a system that sends SMS messages reminding hours, you save on the officer that would have called the patient; to have electronic clinical file, you save paper and find easier pathologies. Mobile technology is a long-term investment, but it is certainly worth. In short, are many other areas in which has been benefiting health and it is very likely that once more we see others. But, as I said at the beginning, so no use to us if we do not have skilled evidence. I hope that we get.

PS3 Fights Cancer and Alzheimer’s Disease

Owners of the PlayStation 3 also known as PS3 consoles with Internet access can participate in a program of Stanford University to study the relationship of certain protein processes in diseases such as cancer or Alzheimer’s disease.

The program Stanford University created in 2000, seeks to delve into the study of certain protein processes to determine their relation to degenerative diseases such as those mentioned. It’s an extremely complex study and it requires enormous amounts of computing power, said Sony. Through this form of treatment of data it is possible to take advantage of the unused capacity of personal computers connected to the Internet, basically it’s installing a light program that takes advantage of unused system resources to contribute to a common research in the personal computer. Participants may provide the great power of their consoles PS3 computer program-style This popular program, which sought to analyze complex radio signals from outer space in search of extraterrestrial life, told with the help of thousands of computers around the world, through the same system.

IBM launched two years ago another similar project to help scientists from the Scripps Research Institute, in La Joya (California), to analyze chemical compounds that someday could help find a cure against AIDS. In this case the user of computer interested in participating in the initiative could download a free software or register at a website and do their bit for a good cause. PS3 users can begin to participate in the project by accessing Life with PlayStation through the interactive menu ‘XrossMediaBar’, as noted by Sony.

High Tech Treatment of Obesity

In order to help young people of the Hispanic community to control obesity, the University of Southern California is developing high tech treatment resources, both for treatment as prevention of this disease.

It’s sensors measure in real-time the heartbeat, count the number of steps that the person is and which is also the time of sedentary activity, as a means to fight against the obesity epidemic.

This research is led by Dr. Donna Spruijt-Metz by means of a laboratory that specializes in regard to the prevention and treatment of obesity in young people from minorities.

I believe that we are about two years to (massively) use this (wireless monitoring) system for the prevention and treatment of obesity, confirmed the medical who also said: we are validating all our sensors and we are very confident in the results and analysis for when this is given to the public. Using these new sensors in the area of the laboratory two young Hispanic check both ends of this research, do various exercises or to remain without doing anything. Signals which measure heart rate and level of the effort are sent through the sensors that are attached to their bodies.

Measurements are carried out at the moment, only within the laboratory, but in the not too distant future these young people will begin to perform the same tasks at home and will continue to be monitored.

All data are transferred to a cell phone that re-transmite them to a server and then the server returns data already analyzed the cell phone. In this way, the information is received in real time allowing to monitor objectively. All persons (volunteers) involved in this research are of Hispanic origin and are affected by this epidemic of obesity. On the other hand, should take into account some statistical data showing that both obesity and sedentary lifestyle cause California an annual expenditure of 41 billion dollars, allocated to health care.

Biotechnology of the World

Biotechnology also known as Biotech is a field that uses the application of Biology, which involves the usage of bio processes in engineering, medicine, technology, fields that require bio products and living organisms. This technology also uses these products for purposes of manufacturing. This concept involves a large range of procedures for the modification of living organisms according to the purposes of humans.

The term biotechnology is known to be an application of technical and scientific advances in life science for the development of commercial products. Biotech term is very important for the life of humanity. Biotechnology is found in four industrial areas which are the following: Crop production, health care, agriculture, non food and other biodegradable products such as vegetable oil, biofuels and biodegradable plastics.

The modern Biotech associated to medicine provides various applications in the following areas: Gene therapy, drug production, pharmacogenomics, genetic testing, etc. The NIH known as The National Institute of Health was the first federal regulatory agency for Biotechnology. Nowadays Bio tech is offered at community colleges or you can also purchase its courses online.